RBB Lab, a know-how growth agency primarily based within the Republic of San Marino, has utilized nonfungible token (NFT) know-how to issue a court docket summons to a former worker and a contractor.

RBB Lab CEO Enrico Rubboli instructed Cointelegraph that it summoned the 2 people to the Judiciary of Italy on claims of tried extortion and aggravated defamation of the agency. The summons was “an order restriction that we’re asking them to cease this marketing campaign towards us,” stated Rubboli.


That is the primary time that an NFT has been used to ship a court docket summons in Italy. If this know-how catches on, it may imply massive adjustments in how Italy handles authorized circumstances sooner or later.

The RBB group says that serving a summons by way of the blockchain is extra environment friendly than the normal course of, which might take weeks. Rubboli, stated, “The objective is to streamline the method and make it extra environment friendly,” including:

“As a know-how firm, we need to push boundaries in every little thing we do. That is an instance the place know-how can facilitate and likewise enhance a system that has been sluggish to adapt. Our objective is to seek out alternatives to enhance our lives utilizing know-how. Sadly, the authorized system has many examples of inefficiency the place so much might be finished.”

RBB Lab is working with the regulation agency Annetta Rossi e Associati primarily based in Florence, Italy, to develop a set of instruments for the authorized subject. The objective is to create new blockchain-related authorized merchandise that can be utilized by each attorneys and regulation college students. The mission continues to be in its early levels, however the group is already making nice progress.

“We now have an excellent relationship with the regulation agency and they’re aware of the blockchain. So, we determined to collaborate with them since we’re an engineering firm and may help them carry a wide range of instruments to the market comparable to on-chain forensic instruments and the know-how to ship a court docket summons by way of the blockchain. We’re additionally exploring the potential for notarizing paperwork utilizing the blockchain. So, we’ll have a strategy to show that the doc was in existence at a sure time,” Rubboli instructed Cointelegraph

Service of court docket papers with NFTs

Opposite to what one may count on, using NFTs for the service of court docket papers is changing into extra commonplace. In reality, two courts in the UK and the US have authorized serving summons with NFTs within the context of a authorized dispute probably paving the best way for extra widespread use.

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As an increasing number of folks have begun utilizing NFTs, the variety of court docket circumstances linked to NFTs has additionally grown significantly over the previous couple of years. Probably the most current ones noticed a regulation agency use an NFT to serve a defendant with a brief restraining order.

One other instance noticed an organization taking the reasonably distinctive step of serving a defendant with an NFT as proof in an $8 million hacking case.

The truth that attorneys have been embracing NFTs as a viable type of service in authorized issues, whatever the jurisdiction, is a transparent signal that this new know-how has been accepted and is getting used within the authorized group.

The standard means of serving court docket papers has been characterised by private supply, but with the emergence of blockchain know-how, there may be the chance to discover a extra trendy method. This might have a wide-reaching impact on people and companies alike, because it may probably open up a world of prospects for the way court docket papers are served sooner or later.

When requested for the explanation behind their resolution to ship the summons by an NFT, Rubboli answered:

“By conventional means, the supply of a summons might be fairly troublesome. When delivering a summons it must be despatched out and delivered as quickly as doable and as effectively as doable.”

“In the meanwhile it is extraordinarily difficult and liable to error resulting from supply time and value to seek out sure people — particularly if they’re nameless. NFTs are the best way to go as a result of it is lowering and automating the steps which as you realize make fewer errors when finished responsibly. Only a single error can be utilized by the counterparty to postpone court docket, and that in fact may create a complete slew of recent points. So, effectivity is extraordinarily necessary right here,” he added.

Penalties for authorized system

Though there are a lot of benefits to utilizing NFTs for delivering a court docket summons, there are additionally authorized necessities that have to be noticed.

To realize a greater understanding of this and the summons potential implications on the Italian authorized system, Cointelegraph contacted Pietro Calvaruso from RBB Labs’ authorized group for extra perception.

“One of many principal points continues to be represented by a scarcity of familiarity by our rulers with blockchain know-how,” Calvaruso stated, “Though the variety of professionals able to utilizing it’s quick rising. It’s mandatory for a change of mentality by our legislators.”

“The implementation of the blockchain into the Italian authorized system would give our nation an enormous enhance by way of the attractiveness of investments and would undoubtedly contribute to making a extra truthful setting each for entrepreneurs and shoppers.”

Digital asset IP

Along with utilizing NFTs to serve court docket paperwork, some corporations are additionally utilizing them to struggle counterfeits.

The usage of NFTs permits corporations to confirm {that a} digital asset is native, unique, and uncopyrighted with blockchain know-how.

This know-how makes them indestructible and simply verifiable. As well as, it may be used to switch royalties and charges to the creator by using good contracts.

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This has allowed media corporations to tie their distinctive content material to NFTs and supply their clients with a one-of-a-kind expertise by profiting from this know-how.

Earlier this yr, The Sandbox, an Ethereum-based metaverse, partnered with the NFT collective World of Women.

This partnership serves as an incredible platform for the corporate to proceed its mission of reaching higher schooling and illustration for girls within the digital world.